21/10/2019
AXE Recycling completed the construction of waste sorting plant in Moscow region
In October we completed the construction of a large sorting line in the suburbs. The complex can sort the waste stream up to 100 thousand tons per year or more. Very soon we will prepare a detailed video review of the object, and for now a few backstage photos of the final stage of construction.
AXE Machinery not only supplies garbage trucks, shredders, containers and other waste handling equipment. One of the main areas of our activity is the construction of waste sorting lines. The sorting line performs three important economic and environmental functions at once: firstly, it does not allow plastic and other non-degradable waste to landfill, secondly, it extends the life of the landfill without growing, thirdly, it allows the waste carrier to reduce transportation costs.
The sorting line is fully mechanized, the selection of secondary raw materials is performed manually by workers. It is dumped from the conveyor into mesh containers, which are clearly visible in the photo below ↓
1. Chain feed conveyor.
It is used to lift the sorted waste to a platform about 5 meters high - there is a sorting conveyor with recycling stations. Due to its design, the chain conveyor withstands heavy loads.

The chain is equipped with an automatic lubrication system to reduce friction →
2. Sorting conveyor on the platform.
Unsorted garbage passes through the conveyor, workers stand along it, selecting secondary raw materials and dump them down in special containers. Each post is responsible for its own fraction: plastic, aluminum, glass, wood, film and others. A total of 18 sorting stations are located on both sides of the conveyor. The screen of the sorting conveyor moves slightly faster than the feed, so that the waste is distributed more evenly.

← Safety comes first! An emergency stop cable is pulled along the entire conveyor. In the event of emergency situations, one does not need to run to the control cabinet - just click on the cable and the line will instantly stop.
3. Separation of the ferromagnetic fraction (ferrous metals).
At the very end of the sorting conveyor the magnetic separator is installed. It extracts ferrous metals from garbage: iron, steel, cast iron and their derivatives. Since there will be no large pieces of metal in the container with household waste, it makes no sense to set up a separate post for iron separation. Nails, screws, cans and other small things will be magnetized to the separator and will be thrown to the side. The separator is installed across the conveyor.
4. Everything that is not selected by the workers and the magnet falls onto the reversing conveyor (No. 1 in the figure below). The reversing conveyor can move back and forth, so it can dump waste either on the discharge conveyor (No. 2) or in the Tiger depack (No. 3). One can also clearly see the magnetic separator (No. 5) above the belt of the sorting conveyor (No. 4).
By the way, our project uses a unique solution: a reversing conveyor (No. 1) is located on a rotating support. If necessary, it can be rotated around its axis (left along the conveyor). This is the customer's requirement: "tails" will be loaded into the dehumidification device (No. 3) not only from the conveyor, but also "manually" using a front-end loader.



5. The discharge conveyor (No. 2 in the photo above) leads the "tails" of sorting outside the building. Tails are unsorted, illiquid residue that will be burned or buried at a landfill.
This is how the discharge conveyor looks outside the sorting building. It is specially positioned so high in order to load waste into a hooklift or another truck →


From the Tiger Depack the tails are fed into the press compactor - and will also be sent to incineration or to the landfill. We complete our sorting plants with press compactors of the German company AVERMANN. In this case, the SP-20 model of the press was installed - it allows to press in large weight - up to 18 tons in one container. At the same time, it is distinguished by low power consumption - only 7.5 kW. AVERMANN presses are adapted for harsh Russian conditions and can operate in extremely low temperatures ↓

6. The management of the whole complex is automated and carried out from the control cabinet. All functions are enabled via the touch screen with intuitive controls and simple process indications. Using software, one can change speed, direction of movement of conveyors, as well as lubrication modes. All controls are duplicated by physical buttons.